WASHINGTON, D.C. – Today, Homeland Security Subcommittee on Transportation and Maritime Security Chairman Carlos A. Gimenez (FL-28) held a hearing examining the role of technology in aviation security and the Transportation Security Administration’s (TSA) ability to fulfill its mission to secure air travel.
The Transportation and Maritime Security Subcommittee maintains oversight of the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and Coast Guard to enhance security of U.S. transportation systems, passengers, cargo, airports, and ports and ensure the safety of our maritime borders.
Watch Chairman Gimenez’s opening remarks HERE.
Mr. Austin Gould
Assistant Administrator, Requirements and Capabilities Analysis, Transportation Security Administration (TSA), U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Mr. Mario Wilson
Assistant Administrator, Acquisition Program Management, Transportation Security Administration (TSA), U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Ms. Tina Won Shermann
Director, Homeland Security and Justice, U.S. Government Accountability Office
For a transcript of Chairman Gimenez’s opening remarks, see below:
Today, our subcommittee is discussing the role of technology in TSA’s mission to secure the American transportation and aviation industry.
One of our chief concerns is the slow timeline of TSA’s rollout of the new technology in the passenger screening process and what this subcommittee can do to expedite the long timelines outlined by the agency.
After the terrorist attack of September 11th, 2001, Congress tasked TSA to protect the nation’s commercial aviation sector.
TSA cannot carry out this mission without the technological systems it deploys at airports around the country. These systems allow Transportation Security Officers (TSOs) and other TSA personnel to screen for weapons, explosives, and other dangerous items that threaten passenger safety.
Additionally, TSA’s technological systems facilitate passenger identity verification and ensure that Known or Suspected Terrorists and other dangerous criminals do not board commercial flights. These functions are essential for TSA to carry out its statutory mission.
The new systems that TSA are bringing online make the agency more effective in carrying out its mission by reducing the possibility of human error and allowing TSOs to focus more attention on interfacing with passengers to resolve pressing issues.
However, I am concerned that TSA has not appropriately prioritized the development and deployment of new technological systems within its passenger screening process.
Earlier this year, Administrator David Pekoske informed this subcommittee that the agency projects it will fully integrate the new computed tomography, or CT, machines used to screen carry-on luggage and the second-generation Credential Authentication Technology, or CAT-2, systems used for passenger identity verification by Fiscal Years 2042 and 2049 respectively.
These timelines mean that the agency will take over 20 years to adopt the technologies it needs today.
Frankly, this is too slow.
I am concerned that TSA has not adequately prioritized accelerating this timeline.
TSA’s budget request for Fiscal Year 2042 included only around $70 million to procure additional systems within the CPSS program, an amount significantly lower than what was appropriated in the prior Fiscal Year.
TSA’s request of $11 million for CAT-2 machines also does not make a serious dent in the lengthy timeline for the replacement of the current CAT-1 machines, which currently is projected to take 26 years.
TSA is also forgoing opportunities to invest in other technologies like ‘detection at range’ that would further increase TSA’s capabilities at passenger checkpoints and decrease the need for screening procedures like physical pat-downs that some consider to be invasive.
These are two ways in which we can address this issues: funding and focus.
Regarding funding, I was pleased that the House-passed Homeland Security appropriations bill included a $35 million increase from TSA’s original budget request to fund the acquisition of new CT machines.
In our previous hearing with Administrator Pekoske, we discussed the possibility of redirecting the September 11 Security Fee back to TSA. The fee, which is 5 dollars and 60 cents for each air passenger per trip, is intended to fund TSA’s operations at airports.
However, over 1 billion dollars in collected fees are currently diverted to the Treasury to pay for unrelated federal debt.
I believe it is time that we revisit the Fee Diversion and discuss ways in which ending it would help the agency develop and deploy new technologies faster. With regard to focus, I believe that TSA ought to be prioritizing its new technological systems more. Anyone can do anything with an unlimited budget, but even within a limited budget, I still believe TSA can be doing more to bring these new technologies online more quickly.
In addressing this critical issue, we can ultimately ensure that American air passengers are safer and American citizens are getting a good return on their security fee.
To our panel of witnesses, I thank each of you for testifying before our subcommittee today, and I look forward to hearing your testimonies.
Congressman Carlos Giménez represents Miami-Dade County and the beautiful Florida Keys. He is the only Cuban-born Member of the 118th Congress, having fled his homeland shortly after the Communist takeover of the island. He serves on the House Armed Services Committee, the Homeland Security Committee, and the Select Committee on China.